[Paul Johnson has kindly shared the photographs and research on his UK site about John Shaw, Junior and Senior, and Philip Hardwick, which he has "dedicated to the Memory of the Finest Architectural Family London Has Ever Seen." Readers might like to look at his original presentation. GPL]

John Shaw, Jr Born in Holborn, Shaw Junior was trained by his father while he was working at Newstead Abbey and Ramsgate Harbour. Shaw Junior helped him on both of these projects, and he even designed the charming lighthouse at Ramsgate. He also carried on his father's work with designing semi-detached houses and estates in London.

Obelisk, Ramsgate Lighthouse, Ramsgate While working on designing new additions for Eton College in the 1840s, his big break came when he won the job to design the Royal Naval School in New Cross; now of course widely known as Goldsmiths University. During his lifetime architecture was usually seen in the Gothic appearance and indeed, his father’s work resembled that style well. But Shaw Junior chose another path of design and has been noted for being ahead of his time in re-designing buildings in the Jacobean and revived Renaissance style. It was also said that his work complemented the buildings by Christopher Wren. Prime evidence of this difference in style can be seen next door to his father's work of St Dunstan’s in The West Church on Fleet Street, at number 187 which is an office building for a law firm designed in the Jacobean style.

Wellington College Wellington College

Two views of Wellington College, Sandhurst.

His design of the Classical Royal Naval School must have impressed Prince Albert when he came to the opening ceremony. It was Prince Albert who helped secure John with his next big project - a memorial building for the Duke Of Wellington in Sandhurst. The committee and the Prince had objected to a building in the Gothic design, so Shaw was seen as the right man to give them a classical masterpiece. Wellington College was completed in the 1850s and is a remarkable building for that time, red bricked and supported by sandy coloured colonnades standing in a wide open spaced playing field with a long walkway leading up to the building, it is one of England’s finest Colleges.

Gower Street home of thr Shaws John Shaw’s sister Julia married the prestigious architect Philip Hardwick, and the two families celebrated much success in their careers. Another famous Shaw was the writer and professor of English Literature, Thomas Budd Shaw (1813-1864), who was tutor to the grand Dukes of Russia at St Petersburg University. The Shaws lived at Gower Street, Aldelphi Terrace and eventually moved out to the ever growing borough of Kensington & Chelsea where John retired and later died in 1870. He is buried with members of his family and next to the Hardwicks at Kensal Green.


Victorian Web Homepage Visual Arts John Shaw, Junior (1776-1832) Shaws's Architecture

Last modified 3 June 2005