Works cited in the author's Carlyle and the Search for Authority, which the Ohio State University Press published in 1991. It appears in the Victorian Web with the kind permission of the author, who of course retains copyright.

E-editor's suggestion: Readers wishing an easy means of identifying publishing information for cited works should leave this document open while reading individual chapters of Carlyle and the Search for Authority.

Carlyle's Published Works

With the exception of Past and Present and Sartor Resartus, all citations of Carlyle's works are to the Centenary edition edited by H. D. Traill. I have cited Richard D. Altick's edition of Past and Present and C. F. Harrold's edition of Sartor Resartus. I cite the Centenary edition (and Harrold's, which is based on it) because of its general availability. However, recent scholarship has discovered severe corruption of the text in the Centenary, especially regarding accidentals like capitalization and hyphenation peculiar to Carlyle's style. I have therefore checked all citations (with the exception of Altick's Past and Present, which was based on the first edition) against first editions and silently emended all accidentals to conform to the first edition. Emendations of substantives, of which there are only a handful, are indicated in the notes. The following list of editions of works published in Carlyle's lifetime includes the editions collated as well as the editions cited in this study.

Thomas Carlyle. The Collected Poems of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle. Ed. Rodger L. Tarr and Fleming McClelland. Greenwood, Fla.: Penkevill, 1986.

----------. Critical and Miscellaneous Essays. 4 vols. Boston: James Monroe, 1838. The French Revolution- 3 vols. London: James Fraser, 1837.

----------. German Romance. 2 vols. Edinburgh: William Tait, 1827.

---------. The History of Friedrich II of Prussia. 6 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1858-65.

----------. Latter-Day Pamphlets. Ed. Michael K. Goldberg and Jules P. Seigel. Canada: Canadian Federation for the Humanities, 1983.

----------. The Life of Friedrich Schiller. London: Taylor and Hessey, 1825.

----------. The Life of John Sterling. London: Chapman and Hall, 1851.

----------. Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches. 2 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1845.

----------. On Heroes and Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History. London: James Fraser, 1841.

----------. Past and Present. Ed. Richard Altick. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.

----------. Sartor Resartus. Ed. C. F. Harrold. Indianapolis: Odyssey, 1937.

----------. Sartor Resartus. Fraser's Magazine 8 (1833): 581-92, 669-84; 9 (1834): 177-95, 301-13, 443-55, 664-74; 10 (1834): 77-87, 182-93.

----------. "Shooting Niagara: And After?" Macmillan's Magazine 16 (1867): 319-36.

----------. Shooting Niagara: And After? London: Macmillan, 1867

----------. Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1824

----------. Works of Thomas Carlyle. Ed. H. D. Traill. 30 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1896-99.


Sources of Carlyle's Uncollected Writings, Letters, and Journals

Allingham, E. A. H., and E. Baumer Williams, eds. Letters to William Allingham. 1911. London: Longmans, 1971

Allingham, William. Diary. 1907. Fontwell, Sussex: Centaur, 1967.

Baumgarten, Murray. "Carlyle and 'Spiritual Optics'," Victorian Studies 11 (1968): 503-22.

Bliss, Trudy, ed. Thomas Carlyle: Letters to His Wife. London: Gollancz, 1953.

Brooks, Richard A. E. Journey to Germany, Autumn 1858. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1940

Carlyle, Alexander, ed. Historical Sketches. London: Chapman and Hall, n.d.

----------. Letters of Thomas Carlyle to John Stuart Mill, John Sterling and Robert Browning. New York: Stokes, 1923.

----------. New Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle. London: Lane, 1903.

----------. New Letters of Thomas Carlyle. 2 vols. London: Lane, 1904.

----------. "Thomas Carlyle and Thomas Spedding: Their Friendship and Correspondence." Cornhill Magazine 123 (1921): 516-37, 742-68.

Carlyle, Thomas. "Peter Nimmo," Fraser's Magazine 3 (1831): 12-16.

----------. Reminiscences of My Irish Journey in 1849. New York: Harper, 1882.

----------. Wotton Reinfred. In Last Words of Thomas Carlyle. London: Longmans, Green, 1892.

Cate, George Allan, ed. The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and John Ruskin. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1982.

Clubbe, John, ed. Two Reminiscences of Thomas Carlyle. Durham: Duke University Press, 1974

Copeland, Charles Townsend, ed. Letters of Thomas Carlyle to His Youngest Sister. Bostoti: Houghton, 1899.

Duffy, Gavan. "Conversations and Correspondence with Thomas Carlyle." The Contemporary Review 61 (1892): 120-52, 279-304, 430-56, 577-608.

Faulkner, Peter. "Carlyle's Letters to Charles Redwood." Yearbook of English Studies 2 (1972): 139-80.

Fielding, K. J. "Unpublished Manuscripts-11: Carlyle's Scenario for Cromwell." Carlyle Newsletter 2 (1 980): 6-13

----------. "Carlyle's Unpublished Comments on the Northcote-Trevelyan Report." Carlyle Annual 10 (1989): 5-13.

Fielding, K. J., and Rodger Tarr, eds, "A Preface by Carlyle." Carlyle Past and Present. London: Vision, 1976.

Froude, James Anthony, ed. Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle. 2 vols. in 1. New York: Scribners, 1883.

----------. My Relations with Carlyle. London: Longmans, Green, 1903.

----------. Thomas Carlyle: A History of the First Forty Years of His Life, 1795-1835. 2 vols. London: Longmans, 1890.

----------. Thomas Carlyle: A History of His Life in London, 1834-1881. 2 vols. London: Longmans, 1919.

Gray, W. Forbes. "Carlyle and John Forster: An Unpublished Correspondence." Quarterly Review 268 (1937): 271-87.

Greene, J. Reay, ed. Lectures on the History of Literature Delivered by Thomas Carlyle April to July 1838. New York: Scribners, 1892.

Harnick, Phyllis. "Point and Counterpoint: Carlyle and Mill on Ireland in 1848." Carlyle Newsletter 7 (1986): 26-33.

Kaplan, Fred. "'Phallus-Worship' (1848): Unpublished Manuscripts III-A Response to the Revolution of 1848." Carlyle Newsletter 2 (1980): 19-23.

----------. Thomas Carlyle: A Biography. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1983.

King, Margaret P. "'Illudo Chartis': An Initial Study in Carlyle's Mode of Composition." Modern Language Review 49 (1954): 164-75.

Larkin, Henry. "Carlyle and Mrs. Carlyle: A Ten-Years' Reminiscence." British Quarterly Review 74 (1881): 28-85.

Marrs, Edwin W., Jr., ed. The Letters of Thomas Carlyle to His Brother Alexander Carlyle. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.

Norton, Charles Eliot, ed. Reminiscences. 1887. London: Dent, 1972.

----------. Two Note Books of Thomas Carlyle. 1898. Mamaroneck, N.Y.: Appel, 1972.

Reid, T. Wemyss. The Life, Letters, and Friendships of Richard Monckton Milnes, First Lord Houghton. 2 vols. London: Cassell, 1890.

[Sadler, Thomas]. "Carlyle and Neuberg." Macmillan's Magazine 50 (1884): 280-97.

Sanders, Charles Richard, Kenneth J. Fielding, Clyde de L. Ryals, Ian Campbell, et al., eds. Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle. Durham: Duke University Press, 1970.

Shepherd, Richard Herne. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Thomas Carlyle. 2 vols. London: Allen, 1881.

Shine, Hill, ed. Carlyle's Unfinished History of German Literature. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1951

Slater, Joseph, ed. The Correspondence of Emerson and Carlyle. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964.

Tarr, Rodger L., ed. "The Guises." Victorian Studies 25 (1981): 7-80.

Trela, D. J. "Carlyle and the Beautiful People: An Unpublished Manuscript." Carlyle Newsletter 5 (1984): 36-41.

----------. "A New (Old) Review of Mill's Liberty: A Note on Carlyle's and Mill's Friendship." Carlyle Newsletter 6 (1985): 23-27.

Tuell, Anne Kimball. John Sterling: A Representative Victorian. New York: Macmillan, 1941.

Wilson, David Alec. Carlyle. 6 vols. London: Kegan, Paul, 1923.


Other Works Cited

Abbott, Wilbur Cortez. Conflicts with Oblivion. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1935.

Adrian, Arthur A., and Vonna H. Adrian. "Frederick the Great: 'That Unutterable Horror of a Prussian Book."' In Fielding and Tarr, 177-97.

Alison, Archibald. History of Europe from the Commencement of the French Revolution in 1789 to the Restoration of the Bourbons in 1815. Edinburgh: Blackwood,1839.

apRoberts, Ruth. The Ancient Dialect: Carlyle and Comparative Religion. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Arac, Jonathan. Commissioned Spirits: The Shaping of Social Motion in Dickens, Carlyle, Melville and Hawthorne. New Brunswick, NJ.: Rutgers University Press, 1979.

----------. Critical Genealogies: Historical Situations for Postmodern Literary Studies. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Arnold, Matthew. Culture and Anarchy. Ed. J. Dover Wilson. 1932. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Ashton, T. S. The Industrial Revolution: 1769-1830. 1948. London: Oxford University Press, 1968.

August, Eugene R., ed. Introduction. Thomas Carlyle: The Nigger Question, John Stuart Mill: The Negro Question. New York: Appleton, 1971.

Baker, Lee C. R. "The Diamond Necklace and the Golden Ring: Historical Imagination in Carlyle and Browning." Victorian Poetry 24 (1986): 31-46.

Baker, Richard. Chronicle of the Kings of England. London: Tooke and Sawbridge, 1684.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Ed. Michael Holquist. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981.

Barthes, Roland. "From Work to Text." In Image-Music-Text, trans. Stephen Heath, 155-64. New York: Hill and Wang, 1977.

----------. "Le Discours de I'histoire." Informations sur les sciences sociales 6.4 (1967): 65-75.

Bendix, Reinhard . Kings or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

Ben-Israel, Hedva. English Historians on the French Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Benveniste, Emile. Problems in General Linguistics. Trans. Mary E. Meek. Coral Gables, Fla.: University of Miami Press, 1971.

Bidney, Martin. "Diminishing Epiphanies of Odin: Carlyle's Reveries of Primal Fire." Modern Language Quarterly 44 (1983): 51-64

Brantlinger, Patrick. The Spirit of Reform: British Literature and Politics, 1832-1867. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1977.

Briggs, Asa. The Age of Improvement: 1783-1867. New York: McKay, 1959.

[Brimley, George]. "Carlyle's Life of John Sterling." Spectator 24 (1851): 1023-24

Brookes, Gerry H. The Rhetorical Form of Carlyle's Sartor Resartus. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972,

Brown, Richard Harvey. Society as Text: Essays on Rhetoric, Reason, and Reality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Ed. Thomas H. D. Mahoney. Indianapolis: Bobbs, 1955.

Cabau, Jacques. Le Prométhée Enchainé: Essal sur la genése de l'œuvre de 1795 à 1834. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1968.

Campbell, Ian. "Carlyle and the Negro Question Again." Criticism 13 (1971): 279-90.

Edward Irving, Carlyle and the Stage." Studies in Scottish Literature 8 (1971): 166-73

Campbell, Ian, and Rodger Tarr. "Carlyle's Early Study of German: 1819-21" Illinois Quarterly 34 (December 1971): 19-27.

"Carlyle's Life of Sterling." Christian Observer 52 (April 1852): 262-76; rpt. Littell's Living Age 33 (1852): 470-76.

Carrothers, W. A. Emigration from the British Isles with Special Reference to the Development of the Overseas Dominions. London: King, 1929.

Carter, April. Authority and Democracy. London: Routledge, 1979.

Caserio, Robert L. Plot, Story, and the Novel: From Dickens and Poe to the Modern Period. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.

"Chartism." Monthly Chronicle 5 (1840): 97-107.

Christianson, Aileen. "Carlyle and Universal Penny Postage." Carlyle Newsletter 4 (1983): 16-19.

----------. "On the Writing of the 'Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question,'" Carlyle Newsletter 2 (1980): 13-19.

Clubbe, John, ed. Carlyle and His Contemporaries. Durham: Duke University Press, 1976.

----------. "Carlyle as Epic Historian." In Victorian Literature and Society: Essays Presented to Richard D. Allick, ed. James R. Kincaid and Albert J. Kuhn, 119-45. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1984.

----------. "Epic Heroes in The French Revolution." In Thomas Carlyle 1981: Papers Given at the International Thomas Carlyle Centenary Symposium, ed. Horst W. Drescher, 165-85. Scottish Studies 1. Frankfurt: Lang, 1983.

Coleridge, Samuel T. Lay Sermons. Ed. R. J. White. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972.

----------. On the Constitution of the Church and State. Ed. John Colmer. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Collmer, Robert G. "Carlyle, Francia, and Their Critics." Studies in Scottish Literature 14 (1979): 112-22.

Culler, A. Dwight. The Victorian Mirror of History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Cumming, Mark. "Carlyle, Whitman, and the Disimprisonment of Epic." Victorian Studies 29 (1986): 207-26.

----------. A Disimprisoned Epic: Form and Vision in Carlyle's French Revolution. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.

Dale, Peter Allan. "Sartor Resartus and the Inverse Sublime: The Art of Humorous Deconstruction." In Allegory, Myth, and Symbol, ed. Morton W. Bloomfield, 293-312. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

----------. The Victorian Critic and the Idea of History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1977.

Davidoff, Leonore, Jean L'Esperance, and Howard Newby. "Landscape with Figures: Home and Community in English Society." In The Rights and Wrongs of Women, ed. Juliet Mitchell and Ann Oakley, 139-75. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976.

DeLaura, David J. "Ishmael as Prophet: Heroes and Hero-Worship and the Self-Expressive Basis of Carlyle's Art." Texas Studies in English 2 (1965): 705-32.

[DeQuincey, Thomas]. "Goethe's Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship." London Magazine 10 (1824): 189-97.

Derrida, Jacques. "The Law of Genre." In On Narrative, ed. W. J. T. Mitchell, 51-77. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.

[Dixon, Hepworth]. "The Life ofjohn Sterling." Athenæum 1251 (1851): 1088-90.

Donovan, Robert A. "Carlyle and the Climate of Hero-Worship." University of Toronto Quarterly 42 (1973): 122-41.

Eagleton, Terry. The Function of Criticism: From The Spectator to Post-Structuralism. London: Verso, 1984.

Edwards, Janet Ray. "Carlyle and the Fictions of Belief: Sartor Resartus to Past and Present." In Clubbe, Carlyle, 91- 111.

Farrell, John P. Revolution as Tragedy: The Dilemma of the Moderate from Scott to Arnold. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 198o.

Fielding, K. J. "Carlyle Considers New Zealand." Landfall 129 (1979): 51-60. Fielding, K. J., and Rodger L. Tarr, eds. Carlyle Past and Present. London: Vision, 1976.

Fleishman, Avrom. Figures of Autobiography: The Language of Self-Writing in Victorian and Modern England. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Foerster, Donald M. The Fortunes of Epic Poetry: A Study in English and American Criticism, 1750-1950. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1962.

Ford, George H. "The Governor Eyre Case in England." University of Toronto Quarterly 17 (1948): 219-33

Foucault, Michel. The Order of Things. New York: Vintage, 1970.

Fraser, James. Hand Book for Travellers in Ireland. London: Longmans, 1844

Freytag, Gustav. Neue Bilder aus dem Leben des deutschen Volkes. Leipzig: Hirzel, 1862.

Frith, C. H. Introduction. The Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell with Elucidations by Thomas Carlyle. Ed. S. C. Lomas. London: Methuen, 1904.

Galbraith, John Kenneth. Economics in Perspective: A Critical History. Bostori: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

Gallagher, Catherine. The Industrial Reformation of English Fiction: Social Discourse and Narrative Form, 1832-1867. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985,.

Gaskell, Peter. Artisans and Machinery: The Moral and Physical Condition of the Manufacturing Population Considered with Reference to Mechanical Substitutes for Human Labour. 1836. London: Cass, 1968.

Gilbert, Elliot. "'A Wondrous Contiguity': Anachronism in Carlyle's Prophecy and Art." PMLA 87 (1972): 432-42.

Gilfillan, George. "The Life of John Sterling." Eclectic Review 104 (1851): 717-29.

Gissing, George. New Grub Street. Ed. Bernard Bergonzi. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968.

Goldberg, Michael. "A Universal 'howl of execration': Carlyle's Latter-Day PamPhlets and Their Critical Reception." In Clubbe, Carlyle, 129-47.

----------. "Prospects of the French Republic." Carlyle Newsletter 4 (1983): 19-23. Graff, Gerald. Literature Against Itself: Literary Ideas in Modern Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Grafton, Anthony, Glenn W. Most, and James E. G. Zetzel. Introduction. Prolegomena To Homer. By F. A. Wolf. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Grierson, Herbert. Carlyle and Hitler. Manchester, Eng.: University of Manchester Press, 1930.

Gross, John. The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969.

Hale, Edward Everett. "James Russell Lowell and His Friends." The Outlook (1898): 46. Cited in Evelyn Barish Greenberger. Arthur Hugh Clough: The Growth of a Poet's Mind. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Hall, Catherine. "The Economy of Intellectual Prestige: Thomas Carlyle, John Stuart Mill, and the Case of Governor Eyre." Cultural Critique 12 (1989): 167-96.

Haney, Janice. "'Shadow- Hunting,' Romantic Irony, Sartor Resartus, and Victorian Romanticism." Studies in Romanticism 17 (1978): 307-33.

Harding, Anthony. "Sterling, Carlyle, and German Higher Criticism: A Reassessment." Victorian Studies 26 (1983): 269-85

Harrold, C. F. Carlyle and German Thought, 1819-1834. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1934.

----------. "Carlyle's General Method in The French Revolution." PMLA 43 (19 2 8): 1150-69.

Hartman, Geoffrey. "Romanticism and Anti-Self-Consciousness." In Beyond Formalism: Literary Essays, 1958-1970, 298-310. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970.

Holloway, John. The Victorian Sage: Studies in Argument. London: Macmillan, 1953.

Houghton, Walter E. The Victorian Frame of Mind, 1830-1870. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1957.

----------. , ed. Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals: 1824-30. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972.

Hustvedt, Sigurd Bernhard. Ballad Criticism in Scandanavia and Great Britain during the Eighteenth Century. New York: American Scandanavian Foundation, 1916.

Ikeler, A. Abbott. Puritan Temper and Transcendental Faith: Carlyle's Literary Vision. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1972.

Jameson, Fredric. "Imaginary and Symbolic in Lacan: Marxism, Psychoanalytic Criticism, and the Problem of the Subject." Yale French Studies 55-56 (1977): 338-95.

Jann, Rosemary. The Art and Science of Victorian History. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1985.

Jay, Paul. Being in the Text: Self-Representation from Wordsworth to Roland Barthes. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Jenkyns, Richard. The Victorians and Ancient Greece. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980.

"John Sterling and His Biographers." Dublin University Magazine 39 (1852): 185-99.

Kaplan, Fred. "'Phallus-Worship' (1848): Unpublished Manuscripts 111-A Response to the Revolution of 1848." Carlyle Newsletter 2 (1980): 19-23.

Kern, Fritz. Kingship and the Law in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Blackwell, 1939.

Kernan, Alvin. Printing Technology, Letters, and Samuel Johnson. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987.

Lacan, Jacques. Ecrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Norton, 1977.

Landow, George P. Elegant Jeremiahs: The Sage from Carlyle to Mailer. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1986. [full e-text in Victorian Web]

----------. Images of Crisis: Literary Iconology, 1750 to the Present. Boston: Routledge, 1982. [full e-text in Victorian Web]

----------. "'Swim or Drown': Carlyle's World of Shipwrecks, Castaways, and Stranded Voyagers." Studies in English Literature 15 (1976): 641-55.

LaValley, Albert J. Carlyle and the Idea of the Modern. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

"The Lectures of Mr. Carlyle on the Revolutions of Modern Europe." Examiner 12 (May 1839): 293-94

Lehman, B. H. Carlyle's Theory of the Hero: Its Sources, Development, History and Influence on Carlyle's Work. Durham: Duke University Press, 1928.

Leicester, H. M. "The Dialectic of Romantic Historiography: Prospect and Retrospect in The French Revolution." Victorian Studies 15 (1971): 5-17.

Lemaire, Anika. Jacques Lacan. Trans. David Macey. Boston: Routledge, 1977.

Lentricchia, Frank. After the New Criticism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Lerner, Gerda. The Creation of Patriarchy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Levine, George. The Boundaries of Fiction. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966.

----------. "The Use and Abuse of Carlylese." In The Art of Victorian Prose, ed. George Levine and William Madden, 100-26. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966.

"The Life of John Sterling." British Quarterly Review 15 (1852): 240-53.

"'The Life of John Sterling." Examiner 18 (October 1851): 659-61.

Lloyd, David. "Arnold, Ferguson, Schiller: Aesthetic Culture and the Politics of Aesthetics." Cultural Critique 2 (1985-86): 137-69.

Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. Ed. Peter Laslett. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

Logue, Kenneth J. Popular Disturbances in Scotland: 1780-1815. Edinburgh: Donald, 1979.

Lotman, Jurij. The Structure of the Artistic Text. Trans. Ronald Vroon. Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Contributions, 1977.

McGowan, John P. Representation and Revelation: Victorian Realism from Carlyle to Yeats. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1986.

MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue. 2d ed. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.

Marcus, Steven. Dickens from Pickwick to Dombey. New York: Simon, 1965.

Masson, David. Edinburgh Sketches and Memories. London and Edinburgh: Black, 1892.

Mellor, Anne. English Romantic Irony. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.

[Merivale, Herman]. "Carlyle on the French Revolution." Edinburgh Review 71 (1840): 411-45.

Mill, John Stuart. The Earlier Letters of John Stuart Mill:1812-1848. Ed. Francis E. Mineka. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1963.

----------. Essays on Equality, Law, and Education. Ed. John M. Robson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

----------. Newspaper Writings. Ed. Ann P. Robson and John M. Robson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1986.

----------. On Liberty. Ed. David Spitz. New York: Norton, 1975.

Miller, David A. Narrative and Its Discontents: Problems of Closure in the Traditional Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Miller, Robert Keith. Carlyle's Life of John Sterling: A Study in Victorian Biography. Ann Arbor: UMI, 1987.

[Milman, Henry Hart]. "Origins of the Homeric Poems." Quarterly Review 44 (1831): 121-68.

Mitford, Nancy. "Tam and Fritz: Carlyle and Frederick the Great." History Today 18 (1968): 3-13.

Moore, Carlisle. "Sartor Resartus and the Problem of Carlyle's Conversion." PMLA 70 (1955): 662-81.

----------. "Thomas Carlyle and Fiction: 1822-1834." In Nineteenth-Century Studies, ed. Herbert Davis, et al., 131-77. 1940. New York: Greenwood, 1958.

Morgan, Edward Victor. A History of Money. Baltimore: Penguin, 1965.

Morgan, Lady Sydney. "Chartism." The Athenæum, 637 (1840): 27-29.

Morris, Wesley. Friday's Footprint: Structuralism and the Articulated Text. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1979.

"Mr. Carlyle's Lectures on the Revolutions of Europe." Times, 10 May 1839, 5.

Mulderig, Gerald P. "The Rhetorical Design of Carlyle's The Life of John Sterling." Journal of Narrative Technique 14 (1984): 142-50

Myres, John L. Homer and His Critics. Ed. Dorothea Gray. London: Routledge, 1958.

Parrinder, Patrick. Authors and Authority: A Study of English Literary Criticism and Its Relation to Culture, 1750-1900. London: Routledge, 1977.

Peckham, Morse. "Frederick the Great." In Fielding and Tarr, 198-215.

Peterson, Linda. Victorian Autobiography: A Tradition of Self-Interpretation. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Pitkin, Hanna Fenichel, ed. Representation. New York: Atherton, 1969.

Pocock, J. G. A. The Ancient Constitution and the Feudal Law: A Study of English Historical Thought in the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1957.

Popkin, Richard H. The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Spinoza. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.

Ragland-Sullivan, Ellie. Jacques Lacan and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysts. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986.

Richardson, Thomas C. "Carlyle's Chartism and the Quarterly Review." Carlyle Annual 10 (1989): 50-55.

Roberts, David. Paternalism in Early Victorian England. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1979.

Roberts, Mark. "Carlyle and the Rhetoric of Unreason." Essays in Criticism 18 (1968): 397-419.

Rogers, Jasper W. Facts for the Kind-Hearted of England! as to the Wretchedness of the Irish Peasantry, and the Means for Their Regeneration. London: James Ridgway, 1847.

Rosenberg, John D. Carlyle and the Burden of History. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Rosenberg, Philip. The Seventh Hero: Thomas Carlyle and the Theory of Radical Activism. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Ryals, Clyde de L. "Thomas Carlyle and the Squire Forgeries." Victorian Studies 30 (1987): 495-518.

Said, Edward. Beginnings: Intention and Method. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1975.

Schochet, Gordon J. Patriarchalism in Political Thought: The Authoritarian Family and Political Speculation and Attitudes Especially in Seventeenth- Century England. New York: Basic Books, 1975.

Seigel, Jules P. "Carlyle and Peel: The Prophet's Search for a Heroic Politician and an Unpublished Fragment." Victorian Studies 26 (1983): 181-95.

----------. "Latter-Day Pamphlets: The Near Failure of Form and Vision." In Fielding and Tarr, 155-76.

----------. Thomas Carlyle: The Critical Heritage. New York: Barnes, 1971.

Semmel, Bernard. The Governor Eyre Controversy. London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1962.

[Sewell, William]. "Carlyle's Works." Quarterly Review 66 (1840): 446-503.

Shell, Marc. The Economy of Literature. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1978.

Shepperson, W. S. British Emigration to North America: Projects and Opinions in the Early Victorian Period. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1957.

Shine, Hill. Carlyle and the Saint-Simonians: The Concept of Historical Periodicity. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1941.

----------. Carlyle's Early Reading to 1834, University of Kentucky Libraries Occasional Contribution 57. Lexington, Ky.: Margaret 1. King Library, 1953.

----------. Carlyle's Fusion of Poetry, History, and Religion by 1834 - 1938. New York: Kennikat, 1967.

Sigman, Joseph. "Adam Kadmon, Nifi, Muspel and the Biblical Symbolism of Sartor Resartus." English Literary History 41 (1974): 233-56.

Skabarnicki, Anne. "Annandale Evangelist and Scotch Voltaire: Carlyle's Reminiscences of Edward Irving and Francis Jeffrey." Scotia 4 (1 980): 16-24.

----------. "Too Hasty Souls: Goethe's Eurphorion in Carlyle's Life of John Sterling." Carlyle Newsletter 6 (1985): 27-34.

Sterrenburg, Lee. "Psychoanalysis and the Iconography of Revolution." Victorian Studies 19 (1975): 241-64.

Tarr, Rodger L. "Emendation as Challenge: Carlyle's 'Negro Question' from journal to Pamphlet." Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 75 (1981): 341-45

----------. "Thomas Carlyle and Henry M'Cormac: Letters on the Condition of Ireland in 1848." Studies in Scottish Literature 5 (1968): 253-56.

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