Note 4 to chapter 8 of the author's Tennyson's Major Poems, which Yale University Press published in 1975. It has been included in the Victorian Web with the kind permission of the author, who of course retains copyright.
For the fullest exploration of this term and its implications, see J. M. Gray. A review of the historical confusion attending the term is provided by J. Philip Eggers.
Last modified: 28 March 2001