Frank Smitha has graciously shared this map from his website with the Victorian Web. Copyright, of course, remains with him. — Marjie Bloy Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore.

The entrance to the Bosphorus is guarded by two forts built during the Byzantine period. They were still in use at the time of the Crimean War


Victorian Web Overview Political History Crimean War

Last modified 3 May 2002