The Next Refugee, or a “Drheam of the Futur&rdquo
Punch (3 December 1859)
Pio Nono. “I want-a to go to Ley-Chestera Squarra!”
Like Humpty Dumpty, this caricature refers to the perilous state of Pio Nono (Pius IX) and the papacy during years when he considered seeking asylum outside Italy after the Risorgimentotook away — or freed — the papal states, making them part of modern Italy.
Image from Internet Archive. Text and formatting by George P. Landow
[This image may be used without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose without prior permission as long as you credit this site and the Internet Archive and the University of Toronto Library.]