The Next Refugee, or a “Drheam of the Futur&rdquo

The Next Refugee, or a “Drheam of the Futur&rdquo


Wood engraving

Punch (3 December 1859)

Pio Nono. “I want-a to go to Ley-Chestera Squarra!”

Like Humpty Dumpty, this caricature refers to the perilous state of Pio Nono (Pius IX) and the papacy during years when he considered seeking asylum outside Italy after the Risorgimentotook away — or freed — the papal states, making them part of modern Italy.

Related Material

  • Roman Catholicism in England
  • Guy Fawkes for 1859
  • A Hint to Louis Napoleon
  • Rome. 1866
  • The Risorgimento: an Introduction
  • Swinburne's attack on the Catholic Church
  • Image from Internet Archive. Text and formatting by George P. Landow

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