Humpty Dumpty

Humpty Dumpty


Wood engraving

Punch (18 November 1859): 203

Like The Next Refugee, this caricature refers to the perilous state of Pio Nono (Pius IX) and the papacy during years when he considered seeking asylum outside Italy after the Risorgimentotook away — or freed — the papal states, making them part of modern Italy.

Related Material

  • Roman Catholicism in England
  • Guy Fawkes for 1859
  • A Hint to Louis Napoleon
  • Rome. 1866
  • The Risorgimento: an Introduction