Chapter thirteen, note 35, of the author's The Liberal Catholic Movement in England: The "Rambler" and its Contributors, 1848-1864, which Burns and Oates (London) published in 1962. It has been included in the Victorian Web with the kind permission of the author, who of course retains copyright.
Paul M. Baumgarten, "Döllinger," Catholic Encyclopedia (New York, 1913), V, 98. See proposition 13 of the Syllabus, under the heading "Moderate Rationalism": "The method and principles by which the old scholastic doctors cultivated theology are no longer suitable to the demands of our times and to the progress of the sciences." Anne Fremantle, The Papal Encyclicals in their Historical Context (New York, 1956), p. 145.
Last modified: 8 September 2001