[Note 6, Chapter Three, in print version]

In the light of St. Augustine's own changing attitude towards symbolic interpretation of the Bible, ch. 21 of Kingsley's Hypatia or New Foes with an Old Face (1851) makes an especially interesting fictional use of one of his sermons: although at first completely skeptical of Augustine's way of interpreting the Bible, Kingsley's character Raphael gradually finds it convincing. The novelist draws upon St. Augustine's encounter with other Fathers of the Church as a model for Raphael's encounter with him.

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Print version published 1980; web version 1998