Annesley, J. Sketches of the Most Prevalent Diseases of India, Comprising a Treatise on Epidemic Cholera of the East. London. 1825. 2nd edn. 1828. German trans. Hannover 1831.

Carruthers, David C. Dissertatio medica inauguralis de cholera. University of Edinburgh 1830.

Bell, John and F. Condie. All the Material Facts in the History of Epidemic Cholera: being a report of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia to the Board of Health. Philadelphia 1832.

Thomson, Spencer. British Cholera, Its Nature and Causes Considered in Connexion with Sanitary Improvement, and in Comparison with Asiatic Cholera. London: Churchill. 1848.

Jones, Richard P. FRCS. Observations on Cholera Asiatica: its Symptoms, Mode of Treatment and Prevention. London: Chester 1849.

Cox, Abraham L. The Pathology and Treatment of Asiatic Cholera so Called. New York. J. Wiley. 1849.

Stevens, William et al. Observations on the Nature and the Treatment of the Asiatic Cholera. London. Hippolyte Bailliere & Co. New York: Schulze & Co. 1853.

Pacini, Filippo. Gazetta Medica Italiana: Toscana. 2nd Series, 4 (50): 397-404, passim. (1854). The author uses the term "vibrio cholera".

Marsden, William. Symptoms and Treatment of Malignant Diarrhoea, better known as Asiatic or Malignant Cholera, as treated at the Royal Free Hospital during 1832, 1833, 1834, 1848 and 1854. London. Henry Renshaw. 1865.

Bellew, Henry Walter. The History of Cholera in India from 1862 to 1881. London. Trubner & Co. 1885. Used Provincial Government Reports to give a descriptive-statistical account.

Koch, Robert. "Microparasites in Disease".New Sydenham Society. 1886. Includes "Report of the First Cholera Conference, 1884".

Cunningham, Colonel David Douglas FRCS. Scientific Memoirs of the Medical Office of India. (1890) & (1894)

MacNamara, Nottidge Charles (1832-1918). British surgeon in Bengal Army to 1876; King's College Hospital, London. Asiatic Cholera. A History to July 1892. Causes and Treatment. London. Macmillan. 1892. An update of the author's previous "History of Asiatic Cholera", 1876. Discusses the on-going debates over aetiology, including the still less than universally accepted work of Koch, 1883-85.

Nichols, Henry. The Treatment of Asiatic Cholera During the Recent Epidemic. Philippine Journal of Science...Medical Sciences, Vol. 4. Manila: Bureau of Printing. 1909. Detailed the modern treatment by infusion of hypertonic saline to replace heavy loss of bodily fluid.

McLaughlin, Allen J. "Control of Asiatic Cholera on International Trade Routes". American Journal of Tropical Diseases: 392-9. January. (1916).

Vincent, H. and Muratet, L., eds. George C. Low's Dysentery, Asiatic Cholera and Exanthematic Typhus. London. Univ. London Press. 1917.

Continued the slow perfection of medical understanding of the differences between the various enteric diseases and others with superficially similar diagnoses. The Victorian science of Bacteriology began, and twentieth-century electron microscopy and cognate tools completed, the effective discrimination of aetiologies, pathogen vectors, diagnoses and treatments, hygiene and prevention, for the above three important fatal diseases.

Secondary Sources

Fraenkel, Carl. Bacteriology. First German edn 1887. English trans. Edinburgh: Young J. Pentland. 1891.

Muir, Robert and James Ritchie. Manual of Bacteriology.First edn 1897. Fifth edn. 1910. London & Oxford. Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton.

Rosenberg, Charles E. The Cholera Years in the United States, in 1832, 1849 and 1866. Chicago. Chicago University Press. 2009.

Related Material

Last modified 18 January 2017