Here is a list (certainly not exhaustive) of excellent secondary materials that can provide more information on many of the topics only briefly presented here.

Brush, S. The Kind of Motion we call Heat: A History of the Kinetic Theory of Gases in the 19th century. 2 vols. Amsterdam: 1976.

Buchwald, Jed. From Maxwell to Microphysics. Chicago, 1985.

Buchwald, Jed. The Creation of Scientific Effects: Heinrich Hertz and Electric Waves. (Chicago, 1994).

Buchwald, Jed. The Rise of the Wave Theory of Light. Chicago, 1989.

Bynum, Brown, and Porter. Dictionary of the History of Science. Princeton, 1984 (1981).

Cantor, G. H. and M. J. S. Hodge (eds.) Conceptions of Ether Cambridge, 1981.

Cannon, Susan F. Science in Culture: The Early Victorian Period. New York, 1978.

Cardwell, D. From Watt to Clausius. Ithaca, 1971.

Corsi, Pietro and Paul Weindling. Information Sources in the History of Science and Medicine. London and Boston, 1983.

Daston, Lorraine. Classical Probability in the Enlightenment. Princeton, 1988.

Gooding, David. Experiment and the Making of Meaning. Dordrecht, 1990.

Harman, P. M. Energy, Force and Matter: The Conceptual Development of 19th Century Physics. Cambridge History of Science Series, 1982.

Hesse, Mary. Forces and Fields Totowa, NJ: Littlefield, Adams, 1965 (1961).

Jungnickel, Christa and Russell McCormmach. The Intellectual Mastery of Nature 2 vols. Chicago, 1986.

Klein, M. "Mechanical Explanation at the end of the Nineteenth Century" Centaurus17 (1972): 58-81.

Mason, Stephen F. A History of the Sciences New York, 1962.

Mendelsohn, E. "Emergence of Science as a Profession in 19th Century Europe." in K. Hill, ed., Management of Scientists Boston, 1964: 3-48.

Porter, T. The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900 Princeton, 1986.

Richards, Joan L. Mathematical Visions: The Pursuit of Geometry in Victorian England Boston, 1988.

Smith, C. and N. Wise. Energy and Empire Cambridge, 1985.

Smith, C., The science of energy: a cultural history of energy physics in Britain. Chicago, 1998.

Whittaker, E. T. A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity. 2 vols. London: 1910-53.


Victorian Web Overview Victorian Science

Last modified 2 April 2002