Left: Sir Titus Salt's coat-of-arms and festoons on an almshouse gable, Saltaire. Right: Relief of alpaca amid native vegetation, on a rusticated wall in Saltaire. Thomas Milnes. 1860s Terracota and stone. Sir Titus Salt's model mill-town, near Bradford. The carvings stamp his proprietorship on the town, and indicate both the source of his wealth and the purpose of the enterprise — to produce more of his famous worsted from fine alpaca fleece. [Click on the images, and the one below, to enlarge them.]

The tympanum of Victoria Hall

Milnes had started his career as a stone-mason, and seems to have retained a love of this kind of stone-carving. The architectural sculpture on Grade II*-listed Victoria Hall is typical of his work in Saltaire. The figures on the tympanum have been specifically identified as his (see Saltaire: Conservation Area Assessment, 30); Leach and Pevsner 682; listing text). Here again is the Salt coat-of-arms, this time flanked by gracefully reclining females representing Art and Science. Such carvings demonstrate Salt's wish not only to perpetuate his memory here, but also to make the buildings aesthetically pleasing for those who lived and worked in Saltaire.

Related Material

Image sources: the top two images are reproduced by kind permission of Chris Brown of the East Riding Media Library, slightly modified by the present author; and the last one was taken and kindly contributed by Chris Bell, a four x great-nephew of the sculptor. Text by Jacqueline Banerjee.


Leach, Peter, and Nikolaus Pevsner. Yorkshire West Riding, Leeds, Bradford and the North. The Buildings of England series. New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 2009.

Saltaire: Conservation Area Assessment, March 2004. Bradford Metropolitan District Council. Web. 3 November 2015.

Victoria Hall Including Wall, Gate Piers and Sculpted Lions to Front Area, and Railings to Rear, Shipley." British Listed Buildings. Web. 3 November 2015.

Last modified 3 November 2015