ames Havard Thomas RWA Born 22 December 1854 Died 6 June 1921 Active: 1872 - 1921 Country of birth and death: England Sculptor, teacher Born at 16 St Michael's Hill, Bristol. Died at 24 Glebe Place, Chelsea, London. Citing this record 'James Havard Thomas RWA', Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951, University of Glasgow History of Art and HATII, online database 2011 [, accessed 24 Apr 2011] Also: (b Bristol, 22 Dec 1854; d London, 6 June 1921). Welsh sculptor and draughtsman. He studied at the Bristol School of Art, the South Kensington Training Schools, London (1872–5), and attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris (1881–4), where he directly carved the Slave Girl (c. 1884; Cardiff, N. Mus.). He lived in London from 1884 to 1889, executing public statues. Thomas and his close friends George Clausen, H. H. La Thangue and the photographer P. H. Emerson all portrayed peasant life at first hand and in 1886 became founder-members of the New English Art Club. Thomas was Honorary Secretary until his move to Italy in 1889. He cast Edmund Burke (1890–92; Bristol, Mus. & A.G.) in Naples and subsequently lived in Capri and near Pompeii until his return to London in 1906. Among his Italian works are scenes drawn from local life, directly cut into marble reliefs or cast in bronze and silver. He developed a theory from Dürer and Greek sculpture that established the position of a naturally poised model by a series of measurements against horizontal and vertical planes for the life-size bronze figure of Lycidas (1904–5; examples in Manchester, C.A.G.; London, Tate; Aberdeen, A.G.). He lectured at the Slade School of Fine Art, London, from 1911 and in 1914 became the first Professor of Sculpture. Boadicea (1913; Cardiff, City Hall), the Rupert Brooke Memorial (1918; Rugby School; lettering by Eric Gill) and the Mountain Ash War Memorial (1919–22; completed by his son George, 1893–1933) illustrate Thomas’s incisive use of fine line, movement and natural detail. Source: James Havard Thomas Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler (1869-1938) Bronze Original location: Qaiserbagh, Lucknow. Now in the State Museum, Lucknow, minus its original pedestal. Reference: Mary Ann Steggles, Statues of the Raj, p. 51. Text and photographs: Robert Freidus [You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the photographer and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite it in a print one.]