William Booth, founder and first "General" of the Salvation Army (originally the Christian Mission) and Catherine Booth, its "Mother," are buried in the cemetery occupying what was once the estate of Sir Thomas Abney; Abney was a Nonconformist who became the Lord Mayor of London in 1700-1. The cemetery, one of the so-called "Magnificent Seven" which were established to provide final resting-places for Londoners, was opened in 1840 and covers 30 acres. Its entrance, with "lodges and piers in the form of Egyptian pylons" (Rutherford 21) and a little Gothic chapel were designed by William Hosking (1800-1861), later the first Professor of Architecture at King's College, London. The cemetery, which had been neglected, is now being restored as an important green area for people and wildlife alike in this part of London..
About 30% of the burials here were Protestant dissenters (Weinreb 138). Amongst these were William and Catherine Booth, whose evangelical mission reached out to the poor, whether or not they were "deserving," and whose work continues all over the world to this day. Catherine Booth's designation as "mother" of the organisation is significant, because she promoted the idea that wives could combine their domestic responsibilities with work in the wider world (see Ball 692).
- The Origin and Early Development of the Salvation Army in Victorian England
- William Booth: Founder of the Salvation Army
- Catherine Mumford Booth: The "Mother" of the Salvation Army and an Early Christian Feminist
- William and Catherine Booth: A Chronology of Founders of the Salvation Army
- The Hallelujah Lasses
Photograph and caption by Jacqueline Banerjee [You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the photographer and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite it in a print one.]
Ball, Gillian. "Salvation Army." Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia. Ed. Sally Mitchell. New York & London: Garland, 1988. 691-92.
Rutherford, Sarah. The Victorian Cemetery. Botley, Oxford: Shire, 2008.
Weinreb, Ben, et al., eds. The London Encyclopaedia. 3rd ed. London: Macmillan, 2008.
Last modified 24 June 2014