Farmer Shiner's. Photographic illustration to Thomas Hardy's Under The Greenwood Tree. [Click on image to enlarge it.] Source: the Macmillan edition, facing p. 80. The reader encounters the prosperous curmudgeon Farmer Siner (originally "Shinar") as the village "quire" members make their rounds caroling on Christmas Eve. Whereas the previous households visited have welcomed the musicians with warm greeting, praise, and good cheer, the farmer scowls at the carolers from his bedroom window on the second story. Sarah Bird Wright notes that, perhaps based on this incident, Farmer Shiner incites Parson Maybold to replace the Mellstock "Quire" with an organ, to be played by their mutual love-interest, Fancy Day.

Passage illustrated

Farmer Shiner's was a queer lump of a house, standing at the corner of a lane that ran into the principal thoroughfare. The upper windows were much wider than they were high, and this feature, together with a broad bay-window where the door might have been expected, gave it by day the aspect of a human countenance turned askance, and wearing a sly and wicked leer. Tonight nothing was visible but the outline of the roof upon the sky. . . . .

They [the assembled musicians] had reached the end of the second verse, and the fiddlers were doing the up bow-stroke previously to pouring forth the opening chord of the third verse, when, without a light appearing or any signal being given a roaring voice exclaimed —

'Shut up, woll 'ee! Don't make your blaring row here! A feller wi' a headache enough to split his skull likes a quiet night!'

Slam went the window. [Part the First, "Winter," Chapter Five, "The Listeners."]

Scanned image and commentary by Philip V. Allingham 2014. [You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the photographer and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print one.]


Hardy, Thomas. Under The Greenwood Tree. Works [Wessex Edition]. London: Macmillan, 1912-13. 21 vols. with photogravure frontispieces. [The picture of Farmer Shiner's is facing p. 80.]

Pinion, F. B. ​A Hardy Companion: A Guide to the Works of Thomas Hardy and Their Background. Trowbridge, Wiltshire, and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1968, rpt. 1984.

Wright, Sarah Bird. Thomas Hardy A to Z: The Essential Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts On File, 2002.

Last modified 14 July 2014