It used to be assumed that sculpture was the original art of prehistoric man and that drawing and painting were much later acquisitions. This view was based on the erroneous idea that sculpture involved a much simpler process of reproduction than drawing — the idea that modelling or carving in the round was a process of direct imitiation, whereas drawing or painting required the translation of three-dimensional experience into two-dimensional abstraction. Nothing could be farther from the psychological facts. Volume, the notion of three-dimensional mass, is not given by direct visual perception. We see objects from several points of view and retain one particular and signicant aspect of a memory image. . . . It therefore requires an imaginative or at least a mental effort to pass beyond the memory image and construct a three-dimensional inage. We are aided in this task by other sensations or by the memory of such sensations — sensations of weight or touch — but this fact only serves to emphasize the complicated mental procedure involved in the conception and the representation of the solidity of a solid object. — Sir Herbert Read, The Art of Sculpture, p. 26-27

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General

  • Pre-Raphaelitism in Victorian Sculpture
  • Web Resources
  • Women Sculptors
  • The New Sculpture and the Old
  • Advocacy of the New Sculpture in Contemporary Criticism
  • Realism and the New Sculpture
  • A Revolution in the Decorative Function of Sculpture
  • The Work of Art within the Work of Art
  • Subject in the New Sculpture
  • Influence of French Sculpture
  • Selected Bibliography
  • Art Union prize sculpture and work in other media
  • Peter Pan and Eros: Public and Private Sculpture in Britain, 1880-1940
  • The Tradition of Library Busts
  • The Sculptor and Making Plaster Casts
  • Reviews of Books about Victorian Sculpture
  • A British Pantheon: Painters, Sculptors, and Designers depicted on the fašades of the Victorian & Albert Museum
  • Theme, Subject, and Genre

  • Animals
  • Architectural Sculpture
  • Monumental Sculpture
  • Funerary Sculpture
  • Fountains
  • Medals
  • Cast iron decorative work
  • Nude and Other Figurative Sculpture
  • Portrait Sculpture

    Individual Sculptors

  • George Gamon Adams, 1821-98
  • Charles John Allen, 1862-1956
  • Henry Hugh Armstead, 1828-1905
  • William Aumonier, 1841-1914
  • Stanley Nicholson Babb, c. 1873-1957
  • John Bacon the Younger, 1777-1859
  • Charles Bacon, c. 1822-86
  • E. H. Baily, , 1788-1867
  • Harry Bates, A. 1850-1899
  • Gilbert Bayes, , 1872-1953
  • William Behnes, 1791?-1864
  • Edith A. Bell, fl. 1890-1910
  • John Bell, 1811-95
  • Mary Bennett, active c.1878
  • H. C. Binney, active 1901-13
  • Charles Bell Birch, A., 1832-1893
  • George Blackall-Simonds
  • F. V. Blundstone, 1882-1951
  • Sir Joseph Edward Boehm , 1834-1890
  • Frank Bowcher, 1854-1938
  • William Brindley, 1832-1919
  • Edward G. Bramwell, 1865-1944
  • Abraham Broadbent, c.1868-1919
  • Eric Raymond Broadbent, fl. 1911-24
  • Sir Thomas Brock, K.C.B., 1847-1922
  • William Brodie, RSA, 1815-1881
  • Mortimer Brown, 1874-1966
  • William Kellock Brown, c.1856-1934
  • Albert Bruce-Joy, 1842-1924
  • Henry Bursill, fl. 1855-1870
  • Alfred Buxton, 1884-1929?
  • Thomas Campbell, 1790-1858
  • John Edward Carew, c.1782-1868
  • Alexander Carrick, 1882-1966
  • Ella Casella, 1858-1950
  • John Cassidy, 1860-1939
  • Sir Francis Chantrey, 1781-1841
  • L. J. Chavalliaud, c.1858-1921
  • Benjamin Clemens, 1875-1957
  • Ernest Cole, 1880-1979
  • John Henry Cole, 1818-1874
  • William Robert Colton, 1867-1921
  • Walter Crane, 1845-1915
  • Benjamin Creswick, 1853-1946
  • Aime-Jules Dalou, 1838-1902
  • J. Daymond, 1821-98
  • Evelyn de Morgan, 1850-1919
  • Sir William Reid Dick, 1878-1961
  • Charles Doman, 1884-1944
  • Edith Downing, 1857-1931
  • Francis William Doyle Jones, 1873-1938
  • Conrad Dressler, 1856-1940
  • Alfred Drury, 1856-1944
  • Susan Durant, d. 1873
  • Joseph Durham , 1814-1877
  • Thomas Earp, 1828-93
  • Joseph Edwards, 1814-82
  • George Edwin Ewing, 1828-1884
  • William Bateman Fagan, 1860-1948
  • William Farmer
  • Henry Charles Fehr, 1867-1940
  • Alexander Fisher, 1864-1936
  • Percy Hetherington Fitzgerald, 1834-1925
  • Thomas Fitzpatrick, active 1856-1870
  • John Flaxman, 1755-1826
  • John Henry Foley, 1825-1892
  • Edward Onslow Ford, 1852-1901
  • Stanley Mace Foster, active 1903-34
  • Sir George Frampton, 1860-1928
  • J. L. Franklin
  • William Silver Frith, 1850-1924
  • John Henry Monsell Furse, 1860-1950
  • James Gamble, c.1835-1911
  • Richard Louis Garbe, 1876-1957
  • John Gibson , 1790-l866
  • Sir Alfred Gilbert, 1854-1934
  • Margaret Giles, 1868-1949
  • Ernest George Gillick A., 1874-1951
  • Lady Feodora Gleichen, 1861-1922
  • Count Victor Gleichen, 1833-1891
  • Basil Gotto, 1866-1954
  • Richard Reginald Goulden, 1876-1932)
  • Lord Ronald Gower, 1845-1916
  • Mary Grant, c. 1830-1908
  • James Milo Griffith, 1843-97
  • Frederick James Halnon, 1881-1958
  • Lilian Vereker Hamilton, 1865-(?)1939
  • Herbert Hampton, 1862-1929
  • John Hancock, c. 1825-69
  • Alfred Hardiman, 1891-1949
  • Charles Leonard Hartwell, 1873-1951
  • Adèle Hay (fl. 1890-1910)
  • Percival M. F. Hedley, d. 1921
  • Amelia Robertson Hill (née Paton), 1820-1904
  • Vincent Hill, active 1900-1946
  • Nathaniel Hitch, 1845-1938
  • Albert Hemstock Hodge, 1875-1918
  • Alfred Hodges, fl. 1909-11
  • John Holmes, 1890-1928
  • Henry Richard Hope-Pinker, 1850-1927
  • Charles Jagger, 1885-1934
  • Frank Lynn Jenkins, 1870-1927
  • William Goscombe John, 1860-1952
  • Adrian Jones, 1845-1938
  • Samuel Joseph, 1791-1850
  • Charles J. Samuel Kelsey, c.1820-88
  • Eric Henri Kennington, 1888-1960
  • Thomas Kirk, 1781-1845
  • Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, , 1802-1873
  • Helen Langley, fl. 1890s
  • Edouard Lanteri, 1848-1917
  • John Lawlor, 1820-1901
  • George Anderson Lawson, 1832-1904
  • Charles W. Layzell, fl. 1910-18
  • Thomas Stirling Lee, 1857-1916
  • Alphonse Legros, 1837-1911
  • Frederic Lord Leighton, P. 1830-1896
  • Alexander J. Leslie, 1873-1930
  • Ruby Levick, fl. 1890s
  • John Graham Lough, 1798-1876
  • Richard Cockle Lucas, 1800-1883
  • Andrea Carlo Lucchesi, 1860-1925
  • Charles Henry Mabey, c. 1836-1912
  • Patrick McDowell, 1799-1870
  • David McGill, c. 1864-1947
  • James Pittendrigh MacGillivray, 1856-1938
  • Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, 1863-1931
  • Thomas Eyre Macklin, 1863-1943
  • Samuel Manning, Jnr., 1815-66
  • Sydney March, 1875-1968
  • Baron Carlo (Charles) Marochetti, 1805-67
  • William Calder Marshall, 1813-1894
  • Edith C. Maryon, 1872-1924
  • Eleanor Mercer, fl. 1890-1910
  • Leonard Stanford Merrifield, fl. 1909-35
  • Hubert Miller, active 1905-1930
  • Thomas Milnes, 1813-1888
  • Horace Montford, active 1898-1912
  • Paul Raphael Montford (1868-1948)
  • John Mossman, 1817-1890
  • Edwin Roscoe Mullins, 1848-1907
  • Alexander Munro, 1825-1871
  • W. G. Nicholl Nicholl, 1796-1871
  • Thomas Nicholls (fl. 1853-95)
  • Matthew Noble, c.1817-1876
  • Herbert W. Palliser, 1883-1963
  • Harold Parker, 1873-1962
  • George Henry Paulin, 1888-1962
  • Alfred Bertram Pegram, 1895-1939
  • Henry Alfred Pegram, 1862-1937
  • John Birnie Philip, 1824-75
  • Joseph Phillips, fl. 1924
  • Theodore J. B. Phyffers, c.1820-76
  • Edward James Physick, 1820-1906
  • Charles James Pibworth, 1878-1958
  • Henry Poole, 1873-1928
  • Frederick W. Pomeroy, 1856-1924
  • Percy Portsmouth, 1873-1953
  • Sir Edward John Poynter, 1839-1919
  • Hugues Protat, active 1835-1871
  • James Redfern, 1838-76
  • William Reynolds-Stephens, 1862-1949
  • William Birnie Rhind, 1873-1933
  • Charles de Sousy Ricketts, 1866-1931
  • John Wenlock Rollins, 1862-1940
  • Dorothy Anne Aldrich Rope, active 1910-1916
  • Ellen Mary Rope, 1855-1934
  • Louis Frederick Roslyn, 1878-1934
  • Thomas Rudge, 1868-1942
  • Charles Rutland, 1859-1943
  • Henry Thomas Schafer, 1851-1915[?]
  • F. E. E. Schenk active 1873-1920
  • Kathleen Scott, Baroness Kennet, 1878-1947
  • Reuben Sheppard, fl. 1906
  • Robert Sievier, 1794-1865
  • George Blackall Simonds, 1843-1929
  • Lilian Simpson, 1871-97
  • Theodore Spicer Simson, 1896-1923
  • Benjamin Spence, c.1822-1866
  • Oscar Spalmach, 1864-1917
  • Edward Caldwell Spruce, 1849-1923
  • Phoebe Gertrude Stabler, 1879-1955
  • John Steell, 1804-91
  • Florence Harriet Steele, 1857-1948
  • Edward Bowring Stephens, c.1815-82
  • Alfred Stevens, 1817-1876
  • W. Grant Stevenson, 1849-1919
  • Godfrey Sykes, 1824-1866
  • Thomas Tarran, 1851-1933
  • Frank Mowbray Taubman, 1868-1946
  • J.E. Taylerson active c. 1890-1910
  • William Theed, Jr., 1804-1891
  • Frederick Thomas, 1860-(?)1924
  • John Thomas, 1813-1862
  • Mary Thornycroft, 1814-1895
  • Sir W. Hamo Thornycroft , 1850-1925)
  • Thomas Thornycroft, 1815-1885
  • George Tinworth, 1843-1913
  • Albert Toft, 1862-1949
  • Reuben Townroe, 1835-1911
  • Baron H.-J.-F. de Triqueti, 1803-1874
  • John Lucas Tupper, 1824?-1879)
  • Alfred Turner , 1874-1940
  • John Tweed, 1869-1933
  • George Edward Wade, 1853-1933
  • William Wheatley Wagstaff, fl.1908-19
  • Arthur George Walker, , 1861-1936
  • Musgrave Lewthwaite Watson, 1804-1847
  • George Frederick Watts, , 1817-1904
  • Reginald Fairfax Wells, 1877-1933
  • Oliver Wheatley, 1868-1931
  • Sir Charles Wheeler, 1892-1974
  • Henry Weekes, 1807-77
  • James Sherwood Westmacott, 1823-1900
  • Sir Richard Westmacott, Junior, 1775-1856
  • Oliver Wheatley
  • Arthur Charles White, c.1874-1924
  • John Whitehead, active 1889-95
  • Onslow Whiting, active, 1903-12
  • G. A. Williams, c. 1890-1910
  • L. Gwendolyn Williams, 1870-1955
  • Francis John Williamson, 1833-1920
  • John Warrington Wood, 1839-1886
  • William Frederick Woodington, 1806-1893
  • Francis Derwent Wood, 1871-1926
  • Marshall Wood, active 1856-78
  • Thomas Woolner
  • Frank Arnold Wright, 1874-1961
  • Matthew Cotes Wyatt, 1777-1862
  • Richard James Wyatt, 1795-1850
  • Edward William Wyon, 1811-85
  • A. Stanley Young
  • H. Young (fl. 1859)
  • Sculpture from other countries

  • British sculptors in India
  • France
  • Italy
  • The United States of America

  • Victorian Web Homepage Visual Arts

    Last modified 4 January 2014