1563

Rev. William Lee, born at Woodborough near Nottingham, invents the Stocking Frame, a mechanical device for knitting stockings.

1712

Thomas Newcomen builds first commercially successful steam engine. First significant power source other than wind and water.

1733

John Kay's flying shuttle.

1765

James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny, automating weaving the warp (in the weaving of cloth).

1769

Arkwright's "water" (powered) frame automates the weft.

1775

Watt's first efficient steam engine, much more efficient than the Newcomen. 

1779

First steam powered mills. Crompton's "mule" combines Hargreaves' and Arkwright's machines, fully automating the weaving process.

1786

Arkwright puts a Watt engine in the Albion cotton mill, Blackfriars Bridge, London.

1787

Cartwright builds a power loom.

1793

Eli Whitney develops his cotton gin (a device to clean raw cotton).

1821

Faraday demonstrates electro-magnetic rotation, the principle of the electric motor.

1831

Faraday discovers electro-magnetic current, making possible generators and electric engines.

1851

Singer invents first practical sewing machine. 

1856

W.H. Perkin produces aniline dyes, permitting brightly colored cottons.


Victorian Web Overview Victorian Science Victorian Technology

Last modified 26 January 2006;
Thanks to Mrs Jean Mellings for suggesting William Lee