Moses in prayer during the battle against the Amalakites. Artist: Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld. Engraver: F. Obermann [?], signed lower left. Source: Die Bibel in Bildern, Plate 53. Click on image to enlarge it.

And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. [Exodus 17: 11-12; King James Bible.]

Some biblical commentators, particularly those willing to go far afield for prefigurations of Christ, occasionally took this scene as a type of Christ crucified. Pictures that emphasize this connection depict Moses holding his arms horizontally rather than straight up as here.

Related material: Other Types

You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the Hathi Digital Trust Library and the Columbia University Library and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print one.


Die Bibel in Bildern [Picture Bible] von Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld. Leipzig: Georg Wigands, 1860. Hathi Digital Trust Library online version of a copy in the Columbia University Library. Web. 25 June 2016. — George P. Landow.

Last modified 28 June 2016