Biographical and Critical Information

Simon Houfe provides a somewhat different idea of Hardy’s life and career than do Brigid Peppin and Lucy Micklethwait, who describe him as “a painter, illustrator, and metalworker,” and a prolific illustrator of adventure stories at his best when depicting “figures in action.” Houfe, who points out that he married the artist Ida Wilson Clarke, characterizes him as an historical painter “at his best in costume romances and adolescent series.” — George P. Landow



Houfe, Simon. The Dictionary of 19th Century Book Illustrators. Rev ed. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors Club. 1996.

Peppin, Bridget, and Lucy Micklethwait. Dictionary of British Book Illustrators: The Twentieth Century. London: John Murray, 1983.

Taylor, John. “A Glimpse at Bristol and Clifton.” The English Illustrated Magazine. 4 (November 1886):-77 Hathi Trust online version of a copy in the Pennsylvania University Library. Web. 28 January 2021.

Last modified 28 January 2021