“A man's real reason for attachment to his own religious communion... is not any series of historical or philosophical arguments, nor anything merely beautiful in its system, or supernatural, but what it has done for him and others; his confidence in it as a means by which men may be brought nearer to God, and may become better and happier” (Sermons Bearing on Subjects of the Day; quoted by Poston 108)

“No considerate person will deny that there is much in the spirit of the times, and in the actual changes which the British Constitution has lately undergone, which makes it probable, or not improbable, that a material alteration will soon take place in the relations of the Church towards the State, to which it has been hitherto united.” Newman’s “Primitive Christianity” (1836)


The Anglican High Church, the Tractarians, and the Oxford Movement

Roman Catholicism

Symbol and Image

Major influences


Newman, John Henry. Sermons bearing on Subjects of the Day. London: Longmans Green, 1902.

Poston, Lawrence. The Antagonist Principle: John Henry Newman and the Paradox of Personality. Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press, 2014.

Last modified 27 June 2018