The materials with dates listed below are Victorian descriptions and histories of Birmingham, its politics, industry, churches and religious establishments, and so on. They have been included to show what people at various periods of the nineteenth century, not modern scholarhship, believed about the city in which they lived and worked. — George P. Landow

Introductory Materials

Local Government and its Accomplishments

Manufacturing and Trade

Religion in Birmingham and Its Churches

Birminghm's Public Institutions

Modern Photographs of Birmingham’s Art and Architecture


Handbook of Birmingham Prepared for Members of the British Association. Birmingham: Hall and English, 1886.

Hopkins, E. Birmingham: The First Manufacturing Town in the World, 1760–1840. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989

Hutton, W. An History of Birmingham. Birmingham: William Hutton, 1783.

Jones, P. M. Industrial Enlightenment: Science, technology culture in Birmingham and the West Midlands 1760-1820. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013.

Lerwill J. (ed). Willey's History and Guide to Birmingham (1868): Birmingham History Forum, 2020. Mokyr

Mokyr, J. The Enlightened Economy: Britain and the Industrial Revolution, 1700-1850 London: Penguin Books, 2009.

White, Francis, & Co. History and Directory of Birmingham for 1849.. Sheffield: JK. Blurton, 1849.

Last modified 11 October 2022