The Rising Sun of Righteousness. West Window. Church of the Ark of the Covenant. Stamford Hill, London designed by Walter Crane. Manufacturer: J. S. Sparrow. Architect: Messrs. Morris & Son, Reading. Formatting and text by George P. Landow [You may use these images without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the Internet Archive and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print]

“In the four-light window . . . at the West (No. 1), the artist has triumphed over another difficult subject. The idea given to him to embody was " The Rising Sun of Righteousness." His first notion was to represent the Chariot of the Sun, four white horses forming a base to the glory of golden rays which, with the lurid cloak of the Sun-god, filled the upper part of the window. This, of course, was too pagan a picture for acceptance. In the second version of the design Sun-god and chariot no longer appear ; two sea-horses only remain to suggest the breaking waves of the blue sea stretching across the lower half of the window. Thence rises the Sun, and from its rays issue the forms of Angels with flaming wings bearing a scroll inscribed, "Then shall the Sun of Righteousness arise with healing in His wings." To the right and left of the window stand the figures of a man with upstretched hands, saluting, and a woman with hands clasped in contemplation. In the window, as executed, the place of the sea-horses, objected to as too mythological, is supplied by equally mythological dolphins, which, however, are so much in tone with the colour of the sea as to lose themselves in it. This is in effect a strikingly original window, and framed as it is with shadow (it is, as it were, recessed above the entrance porch) its colour tells splendidly ” (The Art Journal, p. 198).

Other windows by Crane in this church


Day, Lewis F. “The Windows of a New Church.” The Art Journal. N. S. London: J. S. Virtue, 1893. Internet Archive. Web. 12 February 2012.

Last modified 12 February 2012