The Industrial Revolution did not occur in Britain merely because Britain had the most advanced technology, but because this technology was situated in a country with a secure financial system, global trade networks, lots of raw materials, including coal, a relatively stable political system with the capacity to direct economic development, and a skilled workforce augmented by skilled foreign labour. — Conor Farrington in the Times Literary Supplement of September 18, 2015


The Preconditions for Industrial Revolution

The First Phase: Textiles

The Second Phase: Railroads, Steam, and Steel

The Third Phase: Electricity and Chemicals (needed)

The Fourth Phase: Digital Information Technologies, Miniaturization

Last modified 5 March 2017