Biographical and Introductory Material

Medical, Social, and Political History

Representations of Nightingale in the Visual Arts


Bostridge, Mark. Florence Nightingale: The Making of an Icon. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2008.

Larsen, Timothy. "St. Flo." Books and Culture: A Christian Review 14 (November-December 2008): 16-17. [Review of recent editions and biographies]

McDonald, Lynn. Nightingale at First Hand. London: Continuum, 2010.

Nightingale, Florence. The Collected Works. Ed. Lynn MacDonald. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2001-. The edition will eventually 19 volumes. The first volume contains an introduction to her life and works, the next two her Bible annotations, sermons, and other material related to her Broad Church religious beliefs. Other volumes cover the Crimean War, hospital reform, and nursing.

Smith, Cecil Woodham. Florence Nightingale (1951). New York: Atheneum Books, 1983.

Smith, F.B. Florence Nightingale: Reputation and Power. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1982.

“His efforts are neither unique nor innovative and occasionally arbitrary and confusing.” — Eugene L. Rasor, The Historian 46 (1984): 439-40.

Pelling, Margaret. [Review of Smith’s Florence Nightingale: Reputation and Power]. The English Historical Review 99 (Oct., 1984): 918-19.

Young, D.A.B. “Florence Nightingale’s Fever.” British Medical Journal 311 (1995): 1697-1700.

Last modified 2 September 2013