The author has shared the following passage from her London Clubland: A Cultural History of Gender and Class in late-Victorian Britain (2011) with the permission of her publishers, Palgrave Macmillan.

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Blackwood, William to Brackurburry, 8 February 1899, Box 1 1831-1899, Garrick Archives, London.

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Clapson, Mark. A Bit of a Flutter: Popular Gambling and English Society, c. 1823-1961. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1992.

Corelli, Marie. The Sorrows of Satan; or, the Strange Experience of One Geoffrey Tempest, Millionaire. London, 1895.

Ex-Attaché, “London’s Leading Club: Features of English Club Life and the Relative Status of the Clubs of the Metropolis,” New York Daily Tribune, January 19, 1902, 10.

Firebrace, C.W. The Army and Navy Club 1837-1933. London: John Murray, 1934.

Forrest, Denys. Foursome in St. James’s: The Story of the East India, Devonshire, Sports and Public Schools Club. London: East India, Devonshire, Sports and Public Schools Club, 1982.

Gavard, Charles. Un Diplomate a Londres: Lettres et Notes 1871-1877. Paris, 1895.

“Hard Case—No. 413,” Vanity Fair, November 29, 1884, 353-354.

Hibbert, Christopher. Edward VII: The Last Victorian King. Houdsmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Lady Correspondent, “Metropolitan Gossip,” The Belfast News-Letter, February 5, 1900.

Lejeune, Anthony. White’s: The First Three Hundred Years. London: Black, 1993.

Merivale, Herman Charles. Bar, Stage and Platform: Autobiographic Memories, 2 ed. London: Chatto & Windus, 1902.

Morgan, Marjorie. Manners, Morals and Class in England, 1774-1858 Houndmills: Macmillan, 1994.

Scott, John. The Upper Classes: Property and Privilege in Britain London: Macmillan, 1982.

Society in London by a Foreign Resident. Leipzig, 1885.

St. James’s Club Minutes of Committee, 11 April 1888, 18 April 1888, ACC/2371/SJC/02/009, Brooks’s Club Archive, London, 296, 298.

St. James Club Minutes of Committee, 20 March 1889, 27 March 1889, ACC/2371/SJC/02/010, Brooks’s Club Archive, London, 16, 20.

St. James’ Club Minutes of Committee, 7 August 1895, 21 August 1895, ACC/2371/SJC/02/011, Brooks’s Archive, London, 279, 283.

Taylor, Charles to Henry Irving. 21 April 1873, Box 1 1831-1899, Garrick Club Archives, London.

Travellers’ Club Minute Book, 27 February 1895, Travellers’ Club Archive, London.

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Last modified 25 September 2013