The Forge by James Abbot McNeill Whistler (1834–1903). Signed and dated “1859.” Drypoint on Japan paper, 196 x 315 mm. According to Robert Duret, “The Forge was done at Perros-Guirec in Brittany in the summer of 1861” (19). [Click on image to enlarge it]

[Source of image: Pennell & Courbin. Caption material from Getscher. Formatting and text by George P. Landow. You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the University of Toronto and Internet Archive and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print one.


Duret, Theodore. Whistler. Trans. Frank Rutter. New York: J. B. Lippincott, 1907; London: Grant Richards, 1907.

Pennell, Joseph, and F. Courbin. Concerning the Etchings of Mr. Whistler. 7th ed. New York: Frederick Keppel, [1910?] University of Toronto copy available online from the Internet Archive.

Getscher, Robert W. The Stamp of Whistler. Exhibition catalogue. Oberlin, Ohio: Allen Memorial Art Museum, 1977. Catalogue number 23.

Last modified 14 January 2012