Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt (1820-1877) was a prominent member of the Wyatt dynasty of architects. He was Secretary of the Great Exhibition in 1851, and collaborated with Isambard Kingdom Brunel on Paddington Station (1852-54), where his scheme "introduced a Moresque note" (Curl 210).
As Surveyor of the East India Company, he also collaborated with Sir George Gilbert Scott on the India Office, advising his climb-down in the Battle of the Styles (see Turnor 84-85), and designing, for example, its magnificent Durbar courtyard there (1867). This is seen as his masterpiece, "a tour de force of Italian Renaissance architecture and Minton's majolica" (Waterhouse and Robinson, "Wyatt, Sir Matthew Digby"). It is perfectly clear from this exotic space that he was much influenced by Owen Jones, with whom he was closely associated (see Stuart Durant's commentary on the station, last paragraph).
Amongst other works, he designed the Jewish Cemetery at West Ham, with its circular (listed) Rothschild Mausoleum of 1866. He won the RIBA Gold Medal in 1866 (Allinson 10), and in 1869 was appointed the first Slade Professor of Fine Art at Cambridge. He also served as Vice-President of the RIBA.
- Paddington Station (with Brunel) (1852-54)
- India Office (with Scott)
- Fireplace, Clare College, Cambridge
Book design and illumination
Allinson, Kenneth. Architecture and Architects of London. London: Architectural Press, 2008. Print.
Beckwith, Alice H. R. H. Victorian Bibliomania. Exhibition catalogue. Providence. Rhode Island: Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 1987. [Twenty-fifth anniversary e-version on this site,]
Curl, James Stevens. Victorian Architecture. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1990. Print.
Robinson, John Martin. The Wyatts: An Architectural Dynasty. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979. Print.
"Rothschild Mausoleum, Jewish Cemetery." British Listed Buildings. Web. 8 February 2013.
Turnor, Reginald. Nineteenth Century Architecture in Britain. London: Batsford, 1950. Print.
Waterhouse, Paul, rev. by John Martin Robinson. "Wyatt, Sir Matthew Digby (1820-1877)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Online ed. Web. 8 February 2013.
Last modified 5 January 2014