Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, Chapter 54, VI, 314.by Thomas Nast. Illustration for the Household Edition of Dickens's
Nast designed this illustration for the culmination of the Fat Boy thread in Chapter LIV, "Containing Some Particulars Relative to the Double Knock, and Other Matters: Among which Certain Interesting Disclosures Relative to Mr. Snodgrass and a Young Lady are by No Means Irrelevant to This History," page 314. Wood-engraving, 4 ⅛ inches high by 5 ¼ inches wide (10.59 cm high by 13.5 cm wide), framed, half-page; referencing text on the same page; descriptive headline: "Tender as well as Fat" (VI: 315). [Click on image to enlarge it.]
Context of the Illustration: From Gourmandizing to Romance
"Will you have some of this?" said the fat boy, plunging into the pie up to the very ferules of the knife and fork.
"A little, if you please," replied Mary.]
Right: Phiz's original November 1837 illustration of the kitchen scene in which the corpulent Joe offers to serve the slender Mary a piece of the pie: Mary and the Fat Boy in the final, double number (Chapter 54).
Thomas Nast, who had a cartoonist's sense of caricature, found Dickens's "Fat Boy" — Wardle's page, Joe — an irresistible subject, if one may judge by the frequency with which he depicted him: we see him first interrupting Tupman's courtship of Rachael Wardle in "He knows nothing of what has happened," he whispered; he again occurs in the background of "I wish you'd let me bleed you" in the "Pickwick on ice" sequence; and Joe the fat boy is on the right margin in the background of the scene in which Pickwick falls through the ice at Dingley Dell, A large mass of ice disappeared. Nast has drawn this relatively minor, one-dimensional character a total of four times in fifty-two illustrations. Phiz, on the other hand, included Joe just twice in the original serial — in the November 1837 engraving The Fat Boy Awake Again and another November 1837 engraving Mary and The Fat Boy (see above). In the 1873-74 Chapman and Hall Household Edition, Joe occurs four times: Mr. Tupman looked round. There was the fat boy; Sam looked at the Fat Boy with great astonishment, but without saying a word; Before Mr. Pickwick distinctly knew what was the matter, he was surrounded by the whole body, and kissed by every one of them in the lower right of the Christmas Eve party scene; and "I say, how nice you look" (see below). The increased interest in Joe by both of the Household Edition illustrators, who appear to have operated independently of one another, probably reflects the reading public's continuing to delight in this character during the four decades since Chapman and Hall first revealed Joe to the reading public in June 1836 (although he did not appear in the accompanying illustrations until January 1837). Most significant in the context of this Nast illustration is Joe's final appearance in the 1837 serial, "Will you have some of this?" said the Fat Boy (see above).
The reader here cannot see the Fat Boy's facial expression, merely his enormous girth, which Nast established earlier, as he opens the "jolly" meat-pie and Mary holds out her plate. Nast does not detail the background. For him the only significant objects are the enormous pie and the pewter flagon just behind it. Nast's Mary is a moderately attractive young woman, but no beauty compared to the young woman across the table from Joe in Phiz's 1837 and 1873 illustrations. While Nast does not seem to have apprehended the sexual implications of the kitchen scene, Phiz in the parallel Household Edition volume issued in Great Britain reduced such implications by adjusting Joe's expression. In Phiz's orginal 1837 engraving, Joe seems captivated by the face and figure of the maid, whereas in 1873 Joe seems almost asleep: his eyes are closed, his cheeks bulging with food, although his knife and fork still point towards Mary in what a modern reader might regard as a phallic manner.
The Relevant Illustration from the other Household Edition volume (1874)
Above: Phiz's revised version of the kitchen scene, "I say, how nice you look" (Chapter 54).
Other artists who illustrated this work, 1836-74
- Robert Seymour (1836)
- Hablot Knight Brown (1836-37)
- Felix Octavius Carr Darley (1861)
- Sol Eytinge, Jr. (1867)
- Hablot Knight Browne (1874)
- A selected list of illustrations by Harry Furniss for the Charles Dickens Library Edition (1910)
- Clayton J. Clarke's Extra Illustration for Player's Cigarettes (1910)
- An introduction to the Household Edition (1871-79)
- Illustrators of Dickens's Pickwick Papers in the 1873 Household Edition
Scanned image, colour correction, sizing, caption, and commentary by Philip V. Allingham. [You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose, as long as you (1) credit the person who scanned the image, and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print one.]
Dickens, Charles. Pickwick Papers. Illustrated by Robert Seymour and Hablot Knight Browne. London: Chapman & Hall, 1836-37.
_______. The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. The Household Edition. 16 vols. Illustrated by Thomas Nast. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1873. VI.
_______. Pickwick Papers. Illustrated by Hablot Knight Browne ('Phiz'). The Household Edition. 22 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1874. VI.
Created 8 August 2019
Last modified 7 June 2020